Most sexually transmitted infections can be tested for using urine, swabs and blood samples. Certain STI's don't always cause symptoms and can develop into more serious conditions if untreated.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection from the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is by far the most common sexually transmitted disease in the UK at present. A large percentage of people with this will not exhibit any symptoms thus chlamydia often being referred to as “The Silent Epidemic”. Chlamydia can be easily treated , if left untreated however it can cause significant reproductive problems. If your result is positive it is important to contact your partner (s) to advise them of the result and get tested / treated as well.
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. If left untreated, gonorrhoea can cause severe reproductive and health problems.
Hepatitis B surface antigen is the first serologic marker to appear in a new acute infection, which can be detected as early as 1 week and as late as 9 weeks after exposure to the hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis C antibody
Hepatitis C Antibodies (HCAb) are produced by the immune system after exposure to hepatitis C. Hepatitis C is a virus which causes a liver infection and is spread from contact with the blood of an infected person. If this test shows the presence of hepatitis C antibodies, it indicates that an infection occurred at some point in life, but it does not always mean the virus is still active in the body.
HIV 1+2 antibodies are produced by the immune system after exposure to HIV. HIV 1+2 antibodies tests are used to measure the presence of antibodies being produced in response to the presence of HIV. Levels of the viral p24 protein are present in the blood serum of newly infected individuals during the short period between infection and seroconversion, making p24 antigen assays useful in diagnosing primary HIV infection.
Syphilis antibodies are produced by the immune system during and after exposure to syphilis. IgM are antibodies that are the first form of response to syphilis and are used to indicate current infection. IgG are antibodies that are produced after exposure to syphilis and are used as an indicator of long-term immunity that the body creates.